Courthouse Grounds Research Project
News and Announcements
Members of the public are encouraged to participate in the process for naming the historic Loudoun County Courthouse building in downtown Leesburg. The courthouse, constructed in 1895, is located at the southwest corner of the courthouse grounds at the corner of King and Market streets in Leesburg. The county’s Heritage Commission has reviewed the historic significance of the courthouse grounds and developed recommendations, presented to the Board of Supervisors in 2020, on how the county can fully reflect the history of the grounds and Loudoun County.
The commission has recommended the historic courthouse building be named in honor of Charles Hamilton Houston, who assembled and led an all-African American legal defense team for a murder trial there in 1933. The defense team, which included assistance from law student and future Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall, challenged the all-white jury selection process, setting a historic legal precedent. Two years later, the Supreme Court ruled biased jury selection unconstitutional.
Comments and submissions were accepted through June 24, 2022.
The Loudoun County Board of Supervisors directed the county Heritage Commission in September 2017 to review the "full historic significance" of the Loudoun County Courthouse grounds and its statues and to make recommendations on additional memorials “to fully reflect the history of the grounds and Loudoun County.”
The commission appointed a subcommittee, which worked on the project over a 16-month period. The subcommittee consulted with experts and community members who provided insight and technical assistance, including the Black History Committee of the Friends of the Thomas Balch Library, National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), Douglass Alumni, Carver Alumni, and the Loudoun Freedom Center. They also invited experts to conduct a peer review of the historical narrative.
The commission’s scope of work did not include recommendations about any current memorials or statues. Virginia state law, Va. Code § 15.2-1812. Memorials for war veterans, states that it is “unlawful for the authorities of the locality, or any other person or persons, to disturb or interfere with any monuments or memorials…”
On June 4, 2019, the commission presented its research and recommendations to the Board of Supervisors.
At this meeting, the Board accepted the Heritage Commission’s recommendation to publish the historical report developed by members of the commission.
- Read this report: The History of the County Courthouse and its Role in the Path to Freedom, Justice and Racial Equality in Loudoun County (PDF).
The Board forwarded the commission’s other recommendations to a future Finance, Government Operations and Economic Development Committee. Those recommendations are:
- Allocating funds and directing staff to pursue National Historic Landmark status for the courthouse;
- Naming the old or new courthouse after prominent African-American attorney Charles Hamilton Houston;
- Creating an interpretive “Path Toward Freedom” walk on the courthouse grounds; and
- Implementing a professionally-facilitated community process to design and place memorials along the interpretive walk honoring “Loudoun County’s path to freedom and justice.”
The commission seeks public input on this project on an ongoing basis.
Email the Heritage Commission to provide feedback and share historical resources.
- Donna Bohanon
- Mitch Diamond
- Lori Kimball
- Robert Pollard
- Bronwen Souders
- Michelle Thomas
- Bill Wilkin
- Kacey Young