Local Redistricting in Loudoun County
Update: 05-04-23: County Implements New Election Districts, Precinct and Polling Changes
- Loudoun County is implementing the new local election districts, which were adopted by the Board of Supervisors as part of the redistricting process that occurred after the 2020 census.
- The redrawn districts will be used for the first time in the upcoming June 20, 2023, Democratic primary election and the November 7, 2023, general election. There is no Republican primary this year.
- The county’s precinct boundaries and polling places have been adjusted to align with new state and local election district boundaries, creating some new precincts and polling places. Earlier this year, the Office of the Attorney General of Virginia issued a “certification of no objection” to the changes, which include revisions to the boundaries of 17 precincts.
- In addition, the changes include the temporary relocation of polling places for the Algonkian, Potomac Falls and Cool Springs precincts due to ongoing construction at their previous polling places. The changes for the Algonkian, Potomac Falls and Cool Springs precincts are in effect only for the June 2023 primary.
- The Middleburg Precinct is also temporarily relocated to the Middleburg American Legion Post 295, 111 The Plains Road, until construction of the new Middleburg Town Hall is completed.
- The county’s new election districts are the result of a process required by law that was informed by the 2020 census and input from the public. Based on the 2020 census, the population of each district now ranges between 50,468 and 54,881 residents.
- As part of the redistricting process, the Board of Supervisors voted to name one newly redrawn district as the Little River District. The Blue Ridge District name is being retired. The names of the county’s seven other election districts, also redrawn, remain the same.
Online Resources: Districts, Precincts and Polling Places
All of the updated information voters need to find information about candidates, election districts, precincts and polling places is posted online. The online resources will help voters determine their local, state and congressional districts prior to voting.
- Election Districts: Find your local election district in Loudoun County.
- Polling Place & Precinct Lookup: Find your polling place and precinct in Loudoun County.
Background on Redistricting
- The adopted election districts adhere to the ten guidelines established by the Board for the county’s local redistricting process:
- All districts shall have equal representation.
- The plan shall comply with the Voting Rights Act.
- All districts must be compact and contiguous.
- The census shall be the source of data.
- Preserve communities of interest.
- Create districts with similar interests among communities.
- Consider voter convenience and effective election administration.
- Use geographical or physical features, especially arterial roadways, for district and precinct boundaries.
- Consider all alternative plans presented by interested groups and individuals.
- When possible, do not split incorporated towns.
- The local redistricting process determines which neighborhoods and communities are grouped together into a district for purposes of electing board members to the Loudoun County Board of Supervisors and School Board. By making sure districts have approximately the same number of people, redistricting can help to ensure residents have equal representation on the Board of Supervisors and School Board. It also affects for whom residents vote and where they vote, based on how the local electoral boundaries are drawn.
Related Documents and Resources
- Loudoun County Election Districts 2022 (PDF)
- View the staff report prepared for the January 11, 2023, Board of Supervisors public hearing (PDF)
- View the staff report prepared for the May 11, 2022, Board of Supervisors public hearing (PDF)
- View video discussion of proposed plan during April 5, 2022, Board of Supervisors meeting.
- View video discussion about district names during March 15, 2022, Board of Supervisors meeting.
- View staff report prepared for January 18, 2022, Board of Supervisors meeting (PDF)
- View video discussion of local redistricting during January 18, 2022, Board of Supervisors meeting.
The guidelines for the process, adopted by the Board of Supervisors at its June 21, 2021 meeting, are:
- All districts shall have equal representation: Districts should be drawn to provide representation in proportion to the population of the district. The "one person-one vote" approach is of paramount consideration. In the past, Loudoun County has used a deviation of plus or minus five percent from the mathematical average as an acceptable level of representation.
- The plan shall comply with the Voting Rights Act: According to the Voting Rights Act, districts should be drawn in such a way that assures that minority voters have an equal opportunity to participate in the political process and to elect representatives of their choice.
- All districts must be compact and contiguous: Each district should be a single geographic unit, not composed of separated parts.
- The census shall be the source of data: Loudoun County must use adjusted U.S. Census Bureau data supplied by the Virginia Division of Legislative Services.
- Preserve communities of interest: To the maximum extent possible, areas that have readily identifiable communities of interest should not be split. Residential sub-divisions or small villages are examples of communities of interest that should remain intact.
- Create districts with similar interest among communities: To the extent possible, create districts where the residents have similar issues and concerns as related to land use, development, traffic patterns, etc.
- Consider voter convenience and effective election administration: Each precinct must have a polling place within or immediately adjacent to it.
- Use geographical or physical features, especially arterial roadways, for district and precinct boundaries: It is essential that the district and precinct boundaries be easily identifiable. Such features as arterial roadways, stream beds, and riverbeds provide distinctive, identifiable boundaries.
- Consider all alternative plans presented by interested groups and individuals: Once announced, individual citizens & interest groups should have a 30-day window to submit their suggestions using interactive mapping technology designated by the county for electronic submissions. Individuals or interest groups must live, be an established nonprofit, or have a business located in Loudoun County.
- When possible, do not split incorporated towns: Loudoun County's incorporated towns should not be divided within the boundaries of any town. It should be possible to maintain all towns intact, except perhaps the Town of Leesburg due to its larger population.
Questions and Answers
What is redistricting?
- Redistricting is the process of redrawing the boundaries of districts that elect representatives who serve specific geographic areas. This process occurs every 10 years following the United States decennial census. Loudoun County underwent its last local redistricting process in 2011, in which it maintained eight magisterial districts and a chair at-large.
- By making sure districts have approximately the same number of people, redistricting can help to ensure residents have equal representation on the Board of Supervisors and School Board. It also affects for whom residents vote and where they vote, based on how the electoral boundaries are drawn.
What is happening with redistricting at the state level? Is that a different process?
- The redistricting process that establishes the congressional and state legislative districts is a separate process from the local redistricting process. It is led by the Virginia Redistricting Commission, a constitutionally created body approved by the voters of Virginia in 2020.
Will this impact the size of Loudoun’s Board of Supervisors?
- As a result of a 1990 referendum, Loudoun County’s governing body consists of a chair at-large and supervisors elected to represent single-member districts. Currently, the board has eight single-member districts plus a chair at-large, for a total of nine members.
- At its June 21, 2021 meeting, the board voted to maintain its current nine-member composition.