COVID-19 Prevention & Self-Care
Slow the Spread of COVID-19
Vaccination is the best way to prevent COVID-19 infection and prevent another wave of the pandemic. It is also important to know the symptoms of COVID-19, what to do if you become sick and other precautions we all need to take, particularly for those unable to get vaccinated.
COVID-19 is a respiratory illness that can spread from person to person.
- Symptoms can include fever (100.4°F/38°C or higher), cough, trouble breathing, chills, repeated shaking with chills, muscle pain, headache, sore throat, and new loss of taste or smell.
- According to the CDC, illnesses have ranged from mild symptoms to severe illness and death. Symptoms may appear 2–14 days after exposure.
- Persons can be infected with COVID-19 and pose a risk to others without noticing any symptoms.
- Older adults and people of any age with serious underlying medical conditions may be at higher risk for more serious complications from COVID-19. Seek care early.
What to Do if You are Sick
Unvaccinated residents are encouraged to follow these instructions to self-monitor illness and to inform close contacts when becoming ill.
- If you develop a fever and symptoms such as cough or difficulty breathing, call your doctor or an urgent care center to discuss.
- Find a COVID-19 Testing location using the Virginia Department of Health Locator Map.
- The Loudoun County Health Department does not provide testing or evaluate ill individuals.
- Stay home. Avoid contact with others, do not share personal items, and use a separate bedroom and bathroom, if possible.
- Monitor your health. Call 911 if you develop trouble breathing, pain or pressure in the chest, confusion, or bluish lips or face.
- Wear a mask that covers your nose and mouth when around other people.
- Cover your coughs and sneezes with a tissue or the inside of your elbow.
- Wash your hands often with soap and warm water for at least 20 seconds.
- Clean and disinfect high-touch surfaces every day.
- Do not leave home until fever-free for 24 hours (without medication) AND at least 10 days have passed since symptoms first appeared.
- Inform close contacts. Talk to everyone who has been within 6 feet for more than a few minutes while you were sick, including the 48 hours BEFORE you developed symptoms. Encourage them to stay home for 14 days and provide them the above guidance for those who had close contact with someone who is sick.
Effective August 9, 2021, Loudoun County requires all visitors to county facilities —regardless of vaccination status—to wear face masks indoors in a renewed effort to reduce levels of community transmission of COVID-19.
In addition, face coverings will continue to be required, regardless of vaccination status in the following instances:
- Public transit
- Health care facilities, such as county health clinics and vaccination site
- Detention facilities
- Congregate care settings
- Students, faculty, staff and visitors in indoor settings at public and private K-12 schools
How to wear a face covering
Loudoun encourages individuals to follow guidance from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). for wearing face coverings.
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